UNODC is a global leader in the fight against illicit drugs and international crime and UNODC operates in all regions of the world through an extensive network of field offices.
UNODC is mandated to assist Member States in their struggle against illicit drugs, crime and terrorism. In the Millennium Declaration, Member States also resolved to intensify efforts to fight transnational crime in all its dimensions, to redouble the efforts to implement the commitment to counter the world drug problem and to take concerted action against international terrorism.
UNODC presence in Central Asia began 1993 with the establishment of the UNODC Regional Office for Central Asia in Tashkent, Uzbekistan. Today there are Programme Offices in all five Central Asian States and Azerbaijan the value of the programme portfolio has increased from $26 million in 2004 to almost $90,000million dollars in 2012.
With a traditional emphasis on building capacity in counter-narcotics through technical assistance, UNODC activities in the region link national projects on border control with regional projects developing intelligence analysis systems and joint operations. These include: the Central Asia Regional Information and Coordination Centre in Almaty, precursor chemical control, border liaison office project, national drug control agencies and intelligence lead policing. All this work is carried out in close cooperation with national and international partners and donors.
Significant trends in UNODC in recent years have seen the shift towards activities within the crime mandates of UNODC and towards an increasingly regional programming structure. Within the framework of a number of political initiatives concerning Afghanistan and its neighbouring countries, UNODC is seeking to build synergy between its drugs and crime mandates. With the introduction of the regional programming approach, UNODC aims to augment the delivery and impact of its work. The UNODC Regional Programme for promoting counter narcotic efforts in Afghanistan and neighbouring countries(2011-2014)is designed to provide a platform for coordination and facilitation of counter-narcotics efforts across the region.
The legislative platform for UNODC’s crime mandates has grown out of the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime and its Protocols, as well as the United Nations Convention against Corruption and the UN legal instruments against drugs and terrorism. Much effort has gone into promoting adherence to these instruments and in supporting States in bringing their domestic laws into compliance with them.Since laws mean little without effective implementation, UNODC also helps to strengthen criminal justice institutions through training and equipping national governments to enforce and adjudicate the law. To this end a number of regional and national training activities for investigators, lawyers, prosecutors and judges have been implemented.
Human trafficking is now a major problem facing the region, and the multi-billion dollar opium economy in Afghanistan combined with limited institutional capacity fosters conditions that leave Central Asian countries and Azerbaijan vulnerable to the incursion of illicit money from drug trafficking and other crimes. UNODC, as a co-sponsor of the Joint Programme on HIV and AIDS (UNAIDS), is the lead agency in the region for HIV and AIDS prevention and care among injecting and other drug users and in prison settings.
UNODC in Tajikistan
UNODC has been successfully implementing two national projects since 2000 in Tajikistan focusing on the provision of support to the Tajik Drug Control Agency and on strengthening control along Tajik Afghan Border. Both projects assist with capacity building through necessary expertise, resources, equipment and training.
In addition, Tajikistan is an active participant of UNODC global and regional projects such as “Strengthening drug law enforcement systems for criminal intelligence collection, analysis and exchange”, “Precursors control in Central Asia“, “Establishment of a Central Asian Regional Information and Coordination Centre (CARICC)”, “Countering the trafficking of Afghan opiates via the northern route by enhancing the capacity of key border crossings points (BCPs) and through the establishment of Border Liaison Offices (BLOs) and as well as the projects aimed at effective HIV/AIDS prevention and care among vulnerable population.
UNODC also recently launched UNODC Regional Programme for Afghanistan and Neighboring Countries assisting the 8 countries in West and Central Asia in promoting regional counter-narcotics cooperation in law enforcement, legal and health related areas.
Additionally, UNODC cooperates with Tajik authorities on several global projects including the Legal Advisory Programme (GLO/900), promoting the implementation of the Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, the Protocol against Smuggling of Migrants by Land, Sea and Air (GLO/T55), the Paris Pact Initiative (GLO/K31), treatment and care (GLO/J71), and prevention of drug use, HIV/AIDS and crime among young people through family skills training (GLO/K01).
On these and other issues, regional and national projects continue to be developed, in close coordination with regional and national partners, which support and contribute to improving human security in Central Asia and Azerbaijan.