UN System in Tajikistan
1. UN has been active in Tajikistan for 25 years since 1992 during the conflict resolution process, reconciliation in 1997 with UN mediation (UNMOT observers deployment in 1994-2000), post conflict rehabilitation and addressing the socio-economic needs. UN support through 2000-2015 to achieve the MDGs contributed in reducing poverty rate from 81% in 1999 to 31% in 2016, reaching 99% of primary education enrollment, eliminating malaria.
The UN Development Assistance Framework (UNDAF) endorsed on December 2015 for the five years’ period, guides UN agencies’ work on a country level. Current UNDAF for 2016-2020 has six outcomes:
• Democratic Governance, Rule of Law and Human Rights;
• Sustainable and equitable economic development;
• Social Development (Health, education and social protection);
• Nutrition and food security;
• Inclusion and empowerment of vulnerable groups;
• Resilience and environmental sustainability;
UNDAF is aligned with the SDGs, the National Development Strategy 2016-2030 and the Mid-term Development Programme 2016-2020 priorities, and will contribute towards their implementation. It draws on the full range of expertise and resources of the United Nations Country Team (UNCT), government, civil society, and Development Coordination Council (DCC) partners to deliver development results for Tajikistan. UNCT work is organized to strengthen coordinated implementation and monitoring of UNDAF 2016-2020 results through six Result Groups chaired by various UN Agencies.
Full implementation of the UNDAF will require an estimated total of US$ 363 million. This includes around US$ 51 million from regular or core resources and US$ 312 million from other or non-core resources. The total estimated funding gap as of today is US$ 139 million. UNDAF practices joint biannual planning exercises, undertaken by Result Groups that are co-led by Government and UN agencies and overseen by a Joint Steering Committee, co-led by the UN Resident Coordinator and the Minister of Economic Development and Trade. In 2017 the first UNDAF Annual Results Report has been prepared and jointly reviewed with the Government of Tajikistan and partners. By the results of 2016 the UN and the Government partners delivered 45 mln. USD of planned 52 mln. USD budget (87% of delivery).
2. UN Coordination structure is organized to support UNDAF implementation and operations as well as to ensure implementation of DaO SOPs and effectiveness of UN system. Six UNDAF Result Groups were formed with Charing and Co-Chairing functions from UN and the Government of Tajikistan representatives, UNDAF Coordination and M&E Group, UN Communication Group, Operations and Management Team, Disaster Management Team, SDG Technical working group support the Result Groups in delivering UNDAF results. Three UN Inter-Agency Thematic Groups on Gender, Youth and HIV/AIDs are functioning to support UNCT in formulation of joint position and advocacy as well as contribute to UNDAF priorities implementation.
3. External coordination and with donor partners flows through the Development Coordination Council to formulate joint position of UN and other development partners in response to existing development challenges.
4. UNCT works towards enhancing implementation of SDGs (supporting the Government of Tajikistan in preparation of first National SDG report), enhancing human rights, gender mainstreaming and inclusive development to ensure that no one is left behind.
To promote efficiency, increase synergy and reduce transaction costs, several joint programmes are being implemented:
Goals: Technical support to improve national capacity for effective planning, management and monitoring of HIV/AIDS and Social Protection programmes and to contribute to national priorities in this area.
Agencies: UNAIDS, UNDP, UNFPA, UNICEF
Under UNJAP the Global AIDS Response Progress Report (GARP Report) has been developed through the transparent process and timely submitted to UN GS for further consideration. The technical expertise on HIV legislation and other normative documents, as well as inputs to the Capacity Building and Transition Plan, provided to the government. Technical expertise for the development of the new National Programme on HIV/AIDS for 2016-2020 with a focus on the rights of people affected by HIV has been provided. Information sessions for representatives from law enforcement agencies (Dushanbe, Khatlon, Sogd) to familiarize them with HIV/AIDS related issues in the country and the peculiarity of the work with key groups of the population (high-risk groups for HIV infection) conducted. Under UNJAP support the Ministry of health conducted the analysis of legal norms of the social protection and introduce amendments in the related social service departments of the sector including social assistance at home units (SAHU) regulation. Workshops/information sessions conducted for representatives of the decision-making body, law enforcement agencies, CSOs and communities on the legal environments for populations most at risk for HIV to realize their fundamental human rights and reducing stigma and discrimination.
Goals: Contribute to building and strengthening alliances for inclusive policies and communities for persons with disabilities in Tajikistan
Agencies: UNICEF, WHO, UNDP
Within the funding of the United Nations Partnership to Promote the Rights of Persons with Disabilities UNDP, UNICEF and WHO are working to promote the rights of persons with disabilities, especially children and women with disabilities in the country. This joint project has three major outputs: i. Barriers holding back the Government’s signing/ratification of the CRPD are overcome through evidence-based advocacy and practical advice on implementation of the National Plan for Implementation of the UPR recommendations related to CRPD ratification process. ; ii. National, provincial, district decision and opinion makers’ awareness and positive attitudes about needs, abilities and rights of persons with disabilities have increased with a focus on women and children with disabilities; and iii. One district implements Community-Based Rehabilitation (CBR) principles targeting mainly children and women with disabilities to demonstrate the benefits of implementation of the principles of CRPD and a functional multi-sectoral approach to inclusive development for future scaling up.The duration of the current project is from January 2015 to December 2017, with a possible phase 2 for 2018- 2019. The members of the project Steering Committee include the Ministry of Health and Social Protection of the Population (Chair), the Ministry of Finance, the Ministry of Education and Science, the Ministry of Labour, the Ombudsman’s Office, Organizations of Persons with Disabilities, and the Coalition of Associations of Parents of Child with Disabilities.
Goals: Promote sustainable peace and development and contribute to reducing risks of cross-border tensions in areas along the Tajik-Kyrgyz border
Agencies: UNDP, UNICEF, UN Women, WFP, FAO, SDC, MFA
The Project on “Cross-border Cooperation for Sustainable Peace and Development” endorsed in December 2015 by the United Nations Peace building Support Office/ Peace building Fund is aimed at strengthening cooperation and trust between communities in pilot Tajik-Kyrgyz village clusters towards mitigating and prevention risks of conflict situation in cross-border area.